By law, only medical doctors are allowed to practise homeopathy in Slovenia, however, the practices of conventional and homeopathic medicine are not compatible as medical doctors who wish to practise homeopathy lose their licence to practise conventional medicine.
In October 2007, the Act on healing practices () was adopted by the Slovenian Parliament. As stated in the second paragraph of Article 6: »Notwithstanding the preceding paragraph, homeopathy, chiropractics and osteopathy shall only be performed by persons with a diploma from a medical school, knowledge of homeopathy, chiropractics or osteopathy and a valid licence acquired in compliance with this Act.” The Act has not been fully implemented yet as the Ministry of Health has not established the “Chamber of Healers”. In accordance with the Act provisions, the Chamber of Healers has the authority of licensing professionals for a period of seven years.
In June 2008 the Medical Chamber of Slovenia introduced the article in the Medical Doctors Service Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 58/2008) to strictly prohibit medical doctors from practising homeopathy. If they practise it, the Medical Chamber may never issue a first licence or may withdraw the medical doctor’s licence either temporarily or permanently and she/he will be struck off from the Register of medical doctors. A fine ranging between € 650 to € 1200 could be imposed on a medical doctor using homeopathy or any other complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities. All doctors and dentists in Slovenia are required to be fully registered with the Medical Chamber of Slovenia and be licensed as independent medical services practitioners in order to work independently.
Medical doctors with a licence can only practise conventional medicine and acupuncture, which is the only CAM modality they are permitted to practise.
The Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use, which includes homeopathic medicinal products, was transposed into national law, notably the new Medicinal Products Act, adopted in March 2006 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 31/2006, 45/2008) and the Rules on homeopathic medicines for human use, adopted in October 2008 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 94/2008).
The Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices of the Republic of Slovenia issued, for the first time, five-year permits for homeopathic medicines on March 30, 2011.