Bosnia and Herzegovina
There is no general CAM law neither at the state level of Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, recent laws on health care both in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, have introduced CAM, including homeopathy, for the first time.
Law on Health Care (Official Gazette of the RS, No 106/2009, Article 121):
(1) Alternative Medicine, in terms of this Act, includes traditional and alternative methods and procedures for diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation (hereinafter referred to as alternative medicine), which beneficially affect or might have a beneficial impact on human health or the health condition and that in accordance with a valid medical doctrine are not covered by health services.
(2) The minister shall prescribe the methods, procedures, and approval for the performance of alternative medicine in paragraph 1 of this article in the medical institutions.
Additionally, a draft of a bylaw currently under preparation, envisages that only health professionals with a university degree education and with licence issued by responsible chambers will be allowed to practise CAM in the RS. Health professionals with so-called secondary degree education (nurses, physiotherapists and midwifes) will be allowed to practise CAM if they possess a valid diploma as well as a licence issued by a responsible chamber. The following CAM methods will be covered in this bylaw: ayurveda, acupuncture, traditional Chinese medicine, homeopathy, phytotherapy, quantum medicine, chiropractic, macrobiotics, traditional domestic medicine, apitherapy, aromatherapy, qigong, reiki, yoga and t’ai chi ch’uan.
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina:
Law on Health Care of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina(Official Gazette of FBiH. No. 46/10)
- Article 46: “Alternative medicine, in terms of this Act, include those proven and by experts not forbidden complementary and alternative methods and procedures for diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation, which has a beneficial impact or which could have a beneficial impact on human health or the health status and which, in accordance with a valid medical doctrine are not covered by health services.
Methods and procedures of alternative medicine in paragraph 1 of this article, can only be introduced in a medical institution or private practice with the consent of the competent Cantonal Ministries of health and the relevant chamber.
Methods and procedures of alternative medicine cannot be implemented at the expense of the compulsory health insurance”.
- Article 47: “Allowed are only those methods and procedures of alternative medicine that:
1) have no adverse health effects.
2) the user - the patient does not distract from the use of valuable health care services.
3) are performed in accordance with recognized standards of alternative medicine.
Methods and procedures of alternative medicine can be performed only by health workers who have permission to perform the methods and procedures of alternative medicine issued by the Cantonal Ministry. Further conditions, manner and procedure of the methods and procedures of alternative medicine in a medical institution, or private practice will be regulated in bylaws introduced by Federal Minister. Cantonal Ministry supervises the performance of the methods and practices of alternative medicine in institutions or private practice, in accordance with the law. Provisions of this legislation apply to health care ￼workers who perform the procedures and methods of alternative medicine, on the issue, renewal and revocation of licences for independent work”.
- Article 48: “For his work, health care workers who perform the methods and practices of alternative medicine bear experts, ethical, criminal and material responsibility. According to this law, relevant bylaws envisaged in the Art 47 will be adopted within 18 month of the law enforcement date (August 2011)”.
No reliable data available as yet.