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Systematic reviews in specific medical conditions

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses focused on specific medical conditions

To date 29 condition-specific reviews have been published.

Eleven of these 29 reviews have been positive for homeopathy:

Allergies and upper respiratory tract infections
- Bornhöft G, Wolf U, von Ammon K, Righetti M, Maxion-Bergemann S, Baumgartner S, Thurneysen AE, Matthiessen PF (2006). Effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of homeopathy in general practice – summarized health technology assessment. Forschende Komplementärmedizin, 13 Suppl 2: 19–29 [PubMed]
- Bellavite P, Ortolani R, Pontarollo F, Piasere V, Benato G, Conforti A (2006) Immunology and homeopathy. 4. Clinical studies – Part 1. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; eCAM, 3: 293-301 [PubMed]

Childhood diarrhoea
- Jacobs J, Jonas WB, Jimenez-Perez M, Crothers D (2003). Homeopathy for childhood diarrhea: combined results and metaanalysis from three randomized, controlled clinical trials. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 22:229–234 [PubMed]

Influenza treatment
- Vickers A, Smith C (2006). Homoeopathic Oscillococcinum for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like syndromes (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. CD001957 [PubMed]

Post-operative ileus
- Barnes J, Resch K-L, Ernst E (1997). Homeopathy for postoperative ileus? A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 25:628–633 [PubMed]

Rheumatic diseases
- Jonas WB, Linde K, Ramirez G (2000). Homeopathy and rheumatic disease. Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, 26: 117–123 [PubMed]

Seasonal allergic rhinitis
- Wiesenauer M, Lüdtke R (1996). A meta-analysis of the homeopathic treatment of pollinosis with Galphimia glauca. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde, 3:230–236 [PubMed]
- Taylor MA, Reilly D, Llewellyn-Jones RH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC (2000). Randomised controlled trials of homoeopathy versus placebo in perennial allergic rhinitis with overview of four trial series. British Medical Journal, 321:471–476
[PubMed]
- Bellavite P, Ortolani R, Pontarollo F, Piasere V, Benato G, Conforti A (2006). Immunology and homeopathy. 4. Clinical studies – Part 2. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM, 3:397–409
[PubMed]
- Ernst E (2011). Homeopathic Galphimia glauca for hay fever: A systematic review of randomised clinical trials and a critique of a published meta-analysis. Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, 16: 200–203.

Vertigo
- Schneider B, Klein P, Weiser M (2005). Treatment of vertigo with a homeopathic complex remedy compared with usual treatments: a meta-analysis of clinical trials. Arzneimittelforschung, 55:23–29 [PubMed]

 

Thirteen reviews were non-conclusive (mostly due to lack of high-quality evidence):

Anxiety

- Pilkington K, Kirkwood G, Rampes H, Fisher P, Richardson J (2006). Homeopathy for anxiety and anxiety disorders: A systematic review of the research. Homeopathy, 95: 151–162 [PubMed]

Cancer side-effects
- Kassab S, Cummings M, Berkovitz S, van Haselen R, Fisher P (2009). Homeopathic medicines for adverse effects of cancer treatments (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. CD004845 [PubMed]

Chronic asthma
- McCarney RW, Linde K, Lasserson TJ (2004). Homeopathy for chronic asthma (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. CD000353 [PubMed]

Dementia
- McCarney R, Warner J, Fisher P, van Haselen R (2004). Homeopathy for dementia (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. CD003803 [PubMed]

Depression
- Pilkington K, Kirkwood G, Rampes H, Fisher P, Richardson J (2005). Homeopathy for depression: a systematic review of the research evidence. Homeopathy, 94:153–163 [PubMed]

Fibromyalgia
- Perry R, Terry R, Ernst E (2010). A systematic review of homoeopathy for the treatment of fibromyalgia. Clinical Rheumatology, 29:457–464.[PubMed]

Headache and migraine treatment
- Owen JM, Green BN (2004). Homeopathic treatment of headaches: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, 3:45–52 [Abstract]

HIV/AIDS
- Ullman D (2003). Controlled clinical trials evaluating the homeopathic treatment of people with human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 9: 133–141 [PubMed]

Induction of labour
- Smith CA (2003). Homoeopathy for induction of labour (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. CD003399 [PubMed]

Insomnia
- Cooper KL, Relton C (2010). Homeopathy for insomnia: A systematic review of research evidence. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 14: 329–337 [PubMed]
- Ernst E (2011). Homeopathy for insomnia and sleep-related disorders: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, 16: 195–199.

Osteoarthritis
Long L, Ernst E (2001). Homeopathic remedies for the treatment of osteoarthritis – A systematic review. British Homeopathic Journal, 90:37–43 [PubMed]

Psychiatric disorders
- Davidson JR, Crawford C, Ives JA, Jonas WB (2011). Homeopathic treatments in psychiatry: a systematic review of randomized placebo-controlled studies. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 72: 795–805 [PubMed]

 

Six reviews found little or no evidence for homeopathy in:

Ailments of childhood and adolescence
- Altunç U, Pittler MH, Ernst E (2007). Homeopathy for childhood and adolescence ailments: systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 82: 69–75 [PubMed]

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Coulter MK, Dean ME (2007). Homeopathy for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder or hyperkinetic disorder (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. CD005648 [PubMed]

Cancer treatment
- Milazzo S, Russell N, Ernst E (2006). Efficacy of homeopathic therapy in cancer treatment. European Journal of Cancer, 42: 282–289 [PubMed]

Delayed-onset muscle soreness
- Ernst E, Barnes J (1998). Are homoeopathic remedies effective for delayed-onset muscle soreness? - A systematic review of Placebo-controlled trials. Perfusion (Nürnberg), 11: 4–8

Headache and migraine prevention
- Ernst E (1999). Homeopathic prophylaxis of headaches and migraine? A systematic review. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 18:353–357 [PubMed]

Influenza prevention
- Vickers A, Smith C (2006). Homoeopathic Oscillococcinum for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like syndromes (Cochrane review). In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. CD001957 [PubMed]

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